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Environmental specialists

Water management in the Lielupe river basin district is organised according to the Water Framework Directive of the European Union. Therefore it was needed to develop management plan for Lielupe river basin, with the main aim of achieving good ecologic status by 2015.

Since the Lielupe river basin is the transboundary basin shared between Latvia and Lithuania, two separate management plans were developed. In each country there is a responsible institution for management planning, stakeholder involvement and ensuring the public participation. In Lithuania it is the Lithuanian Environmental Protection Agency and in Latvia - Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre.

To promote a good ecological status in rivers of Lielupe river basin many of measures are foreseen in both of Lielupe river basin management plans.

Comparing to the other river basins in Latvia and Lithuania, the water quality of the Lielupe has been assessed as being the worst. Therefore, the majority of the rivers/streams or their tributaries may not achieve good ecological status by 2015. The main reason is to high content of nutrients in waters.

Agricultural pollution is one of the major sources of pollution with nutrients (N and P) in Lielupe river basin, determining increase of eutrophication and other resulting consequences.

Additionally, the discharges from urban rain water and waste water from household and industry (mainly from food production) impact the water quality. For example, about 30 % of waste waters from households are not treated or not sufficiently treated.

Because of natural and social conditions in Lielupe river basin, nutrient pollution may impact availability of qualitative drinking water for local people. Because there is many of households which are taking water from shallow well.

Therefore was carried out a Joint Study on Existing Available Solutions and Equipment for Rural Settlements: drinking water, sewage water and rain water management in Lithuania and Latvia.