Responsible people

Everybody should care not only about quality of drinking water but also feel response to the quality of common water resources, prevent causing pollution and take care about the water saving.
Of course, firstly, we should care about our availability of qualitative drinking water, because it makes essential effect on our quality of life and health. In the Lielupe river basin in Latvia and Lithuania individual dwelling houses usually take drinking water from the underground waters either from deeper or shallow water levels.

Due to natural conditions:
- the abstracted deep groundwater contains elevated concentrations of iron or sulphates;
- the shallow wells are exposed to the risks to be polluted by nitrates or microbiological pollution;
- the problem is also heightened turbidity and hardness of water. 

 The drinking water standards with regard to the three main chemical elements of the concern are:  iron – 0.2 mg/l, sulphate (P) – 250mg/l and nitrates (N) – 50mg/l.

 Just as important is to have qualitative drinking water in the same importance we should take care also about the sewage waters treatment. In the Lielupe river basin about 30% of the produced sewage water is not treated up to the required standards. The main polluting discharged substances (N and P) from individual dwelling houses causing accelerate the growth of the algae and plants. Thus results the eutrophication or overgrowth of the water bodies and oxygen essential for fishes and other water living beings is missing. Proposed effluent standards for single households are: Ptot -  0.65 g/person/ day or 5mg/l and Ntot  is 10 g/person/ day or 25mg/l ;

 For more information about available solutions in Latvia and Lithuania for single individual dwelling houses as well as for rural settlements you are pleased to look in “Joint Study on Existing Available Solutions and Equipment for Rural Settlements: drinking water, sewage water and rain water management”.  

 To be a part of the wiser and smarter society, one shall consider the following aspects in everyday lifestyle

- Although our countries are rich in water resources and we do not need to save every drop, the use of water also means less use of energy resources to produce the water for human needs. Therefore a way of use of the water shall be overlooked. The measuring of the water consumption with a water meter is the first step to monitor the water use at household. The daily water consumption can vary a lot, but it has been estimated that the optimum is about 80 litter of water per day;
- Use of household chemicals (washing liquids and powders, cleaning detergents) shall be limited to real needs by applying needed dozes or even less. Purchasing of the products with labels indicating a product as the environmental friendly one;
- Following the rules in recreational and bathing areas (no littering of waste, washing with chemicals, damaging plants or trees, etc.).

As the result, it will bring the following benefits for the today and future:

- good water quality positively impacts the increase of fish resources therefore it is possible to carry on the fishing, angling, to develop tourism and also to improve the recreation possibilities for people living in this area;
- nature protection and biodiversity maintenance ensures the alternative recreation possibilities. It attracts people who are enjoying being in nature opposite to city tours. It serves to those people who need to calm down and recover from the stress and busy work life;
- high environmental quality in the region is helping to promote the local products as very healthy, natural and environmental friendly;
- good water quality and well managed river banks improve landscape and quality of life in the region.